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Gondor was a kingdom of Men in Middle-earth, bordered by Rohan to the north, Belegaer to the west, Harad to the south, and Mordor to the east. Its first capital was Osgiliath, moved to Minas Tirith in TA 1640. The city of Minas Tirith remained the capital of Gondor for the rest of the Third Age and into years of the Fourth Age; other major fortresses include Dol Amroth, Osgiliath, which was a city on the Anduin.
Gondor was founded by brothers Isildur and Anárion, exiles from Númenor. Gondor was an allied kingdom with Arnor, whose line of kings cheiftans came from Isildur, while the Llne of the Kings of Gondor was from Anarion. Gondor was at the height of its power in the early years due to the ship kings and the military might that their armies possessed. However multiple devastations caused it to gradually decline in course of the Third Age, being continually weakened by the allies of Sauron, and was only restored in dominance after Sauron’s final defeat and the crowning of Aragorn II Elessar.